By Frederic Clarke Putnam

It is a Hebrew grammar with a distinction, being the 1st really discourse-based grammar. Its objective is for college students to appreciate Biblical Hebrew as a language, seeing its types and conjugations as a coherent linguistic procedure, appreciating why and the way the textual content skill what it says-rather than studying Hebrew as a suite of random ideas and it sounds as if arbitrary meanings. Thirty-one classes equip beginners for studying the biblical textual content in Hebrew. They comprise sections on biblical narrative, poetry, and the Masora-as good as of the textual content of the Hebrew Bible, lexica, and concordances. The examples and routines are all taken at once from the biblical textual content, in order that scholars can payment their paintings opposed to any fairly literal model of the Bible. The vocabulary lists contain all the phrases that take place fifty occasions or extra within the Hebrew Bible. precise additionally to this Grammar are the 'enrichments': short sections on the finish of every bankruptcy encouraging scholars to use their grammatical wisdom to precise questions, matters, or passages within the biblical textual content. Appendices comprise a Vocabulary of all Hebrew phrases and correct names that happen fifty occasions or extra, and a word list and index of technical terms-as good as entire nominal, pronominal, and verbal paradigms, and an annotated bibliography. The learner-friendly layout of this Grammar has been recommended via school and through scholars who've used pre-publication types to educate themselves Biblical Hebrew, either separately, in periods, and in casual teams.

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Extra resources for A New Grammar of Biblical Hebrew

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See footnote 15 (above). m; ~k,ta. 4 Furtive Pata˙ When a word ends in a strong guttural (H, x, [) that is not preceded by an a-class vowel (pata˙ or qameß), the Masoretes wrote pata˙ between the final vowel and the final guttural. This pata˙ furtivum (“furtive”) was written slightly to the right to show that it is pronunced after the non-avowel and before the guttural. ] These words thus appear to have two consecutive vowels, but the furtive vowel was used only as a signal to listeners that the word ended in a guttural, not with the long vowel.

When the Masoretes pointed the text, they distinguished the pronunciation of six letters (b g d k p t) as either “hard” or “soft”. , the “p” in “pit” and “tip” (hold your hand in front of your mouth). ). The same is true of dageå lene—whether a consonant is hard or soft, the word is the same. Dageå forte. 17 In transliteration, letters with dageå forte are written twice: hV'ai lPoyI yMiai ’iåå¡ “woman, wife” yipp¢l “he will fall” (“… falls”) ‘immî “my mother” 16. Dageå forte both doubles and “hardens” the beged-kefet letters.

J”) d. follows the first of two identical consonants e. follows any syllable with a long vowel f. precedes a b gad-k fat letter without dageå (a tendency, not a rule) e e tyviareB. yE Åewa is silent when it … g. precedes another åewa (cf. “b”, “k”) h. follows a guttural consonant i. follows the last letter of a word (cf. “k”) j. precedes dageå (cf. “c”) k. follows both of the last two letters in a word (both åewas are silent, and the consonants are pronounced as a cluster; cf. , “b”, “g”, “k”), but allow you to examine a given åewa from more than one vantage point, as this table demonstrates: tyviareB.

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