By E. Ahmed

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2) The layers o f an eyelid anteroposteriorly as follows: are disposed 1. The skin 2. The subcutaneous areolar layer 3. The layer of striated muscle—orbicularis oculi 4. The submuscular areolar tissue 5. The fibrous layer made up of tarsus and septum orbitale 6 . The layer o f unstriated muscle—M uller’s muscle 7. The palpebral conjunctiva. The skin is extremely thin and is marked by furrows—the superior and inferior palpebral sulci— when the eyes are open. The subcutaneous tissue Lash with gland of Zeis running into this duct of Moll’s gland Opening of Meibomian gland Fig.

Variation in colour. In childhood and in pathological state, the sclera appears bluish owing to the visibility of the uvea through the thinnedout sclera. In old age it may appear yellowish due to the deposition of fat. S tr u c tu r e (Fig. 3) F u rther R eading The sclera is relatively avascular, almost acellular, 1. J. ), Chapman and Hall, London, 1997. tissues. 2. A. B. Saunders Orientation o f the fibres. , Philadelphia, 1971. strictly circular at the insertions o f the extrinsic muscles. There are two strata at the posterior part: 3.

2 Sym pathetic and parasym pathetic supply to the lacrimal gland (Snell and Lemp). The afferent or sensory supply to the lacrimal gland is from the lacrimal nerve, a branch of the ophthalmic division of the trigeminal nerve. The lacrimal nerve continues to run along the lateral wall of the orbit. After entering the gland it divides into superior and inferior divisions—the inferior division joins the zygomaticotemporal branch of the maxillary division of the trigeminal. A rte ria l su p p ly Sympathetic.

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