By Yadin Dudai

This can be an leading edge and fascinating spouse to the language of reminiscence learn. It contains over one hundred thirty entries, certain inside of a coherent conceptual framework. each one access starts off with a definition, or a collection of definitions, by way of an in-depth and provocative dialogue of the starting place, that means, utilization and aplicability of rules and difficulties critical to the neuroscience of reminiscence and medical tradition at huge. The entries, associated through webs of institutions, might be learn and loved, and supply a flexible device equipment: a resource for definitions, details and extra studying; a set off for contemplation, dialogue and experimentation; and an relief to check, instructing and debate in sessions and seminars. The textual content is supported through an in depth reference directory, and there's a entire topic index, incorporating a wider variety of phrases suitable to the field.

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Memory from A to Z : keywords, concepts, and beyond

This is often an cutting edge and fascinating better half to the language of reminiscence learn. It comprises over one hundred thirty entries, certain inside a coherent conceptual framework. each one access begins with a definition, or a suite of definitions, by way of an in-depth and provocative dialogue of the starting place, that means, utilization and aplicability of rules and difficulties vital to the neuroscience of reminiscence and medical tradition at huge.

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The features are integrated, or ‘glued’, by the attentional ‘beam’ (*metaphor; for critical discussions of ‘feature integration’, see M. Green 1991; Van der Heijden 1995; Treisman 1995). The neurobiological approach attempts to identify computations and algorithms relevant to binding in the brain and their physiological implementation. It focuses on the *cortex and on thalamocortical interconnections; in discussions of the role of binding in memory, attention is also devoted to the *hippocampal formation and to its role in coherency of internal representations.

Which ‘chunks’ should be used to estimate the size of, say, an *episodic scene or a motor skill? Furthermore, how can one compare the capacity of different long-term memory systems? A variety of experimental methods have been deployed, ranging from introspection (Galton 1879), via controlled recalling of personal experience (Wagenaar 1986), to measurement of *real-life capabilities such as picture *recognition, language, or the feats of *mnemonists (Table 1). There are no definite answers, only estimates expressed in ad-hoc, somewhat fuzzy units.

Changes in cellular Ca2+ are due to influx from the extracellular milieu and release from intracellular stores. Both mechanisms generate elementary all-or-none Ca2+ signals, which are brief and localized (Bootman and Berridge 1995). Stimulus-induced combinations of intensity, timing, and location of these primitives of the ‘Ca2+ language’ generate a repertoire of Ca2+ codes (Bootman et al. 1997). The latter control cellular metabolism, structural dynamics, signal transduction, hormone release, differentiation, and growth (Berridge 1993; Petersen et al.

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